Monday, September 23, 2013

The Practical Garden

German botanical magazine
hand-coloured engravings


Cyamus nelumbo (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Cyamus nelumbo
(Egyptian Bean Lily)



Aloe picta (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Aloe picta
(Spotted-leaved Aloe)



Justicia coccinea (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Justicia coccinea
(Cardinals Guard)



Pflaume mit gefüllter Blüthe (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Pflaume mit gefüllter Blüthe
(Plum blossom)



Die Arakatscha (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Die Arakatscha
(similar to potato, native to the mountains of Colombia and Ecuador)



Der rothe Klapper-Apfel (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Der rothe Klapper-Apfel
(variety of red apple)



Neue Erfindung mehrerer Geräthschaften zur Wartung... mehr' (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Neue Erfindung mehrerer Geräthschaften zur 
Wartung der Pflanzen in den botanischen Gärten
(New garden maintenance inventions..
Portable glass-house and wire lattice)



Pfirsche mit gefüllter Blüthe (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Pfirsche mit gefüllter Blüth
Peach & peach flowers



Protea ochroleuca (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Protea ochroleuca
(native to South Africa)



Cobbea scandens (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Cobbea scandens
'Cup and Saucer' vine or 'Cathedral Bells', native to Mexico



Erythrina crista galli (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Erythrina crista galli
Commonly known in English as the Cockspur Coral Tree, 
the Ceibo (in Spanish) is the national plant of Argentina.



Rochea falcata (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)

Rochea falcata
South African succulent^, commonly known as the Airplane or Propeller plant




Amarelle mit gefüllter Blüte (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Amarelle mit gefüllter Blüte
Fruit, flowers and leaves from the sour cherry tree



Der graue Junker Hanns. (Messire Jean-gris.) (hand-coloured botanical engraving courtesy kulturerbe niedersachsen)
Der graue Junker Hanns. (Messire Jean-gris.)
Variety of pear




Plan eines groſsen Kinder-Gartens
(plans for a large children's garden)
New garden maintenance inventions..
including swings, flower beds, gardener's 
house, bird-feeder, lawn for gatherings and 
ball games, cow shed, monuments &c



'Allgemeines teutsches Garten-Magazin oder gemeinnützige Beiträge für alle Theile des praktischen Gartenwesens' 1809, is online at Lower Saxony Heritage (Kulturerbe Niedersachsen) under the auspices of Gottingen State and University Library. The title roughly translates as: 'General German Garden Magazine or Useful Articles about all Disciplines of Practical Gardening'.

The magazine was issued regularly during the early part of the 19th century. It was one of the first periodicals to include coloured plates and advice on garden maintenance. It seems that these magazine issues were in fact compilations sourced from a variety of contemporary gardening and botanical-related accounts, pamphlets and (more obvious to me) botany books. At least a few of the illustrations are copied from, or modelled after, original sketches by the eminent British naturalist/illustrator, James Sowerby (eg.). So, this magazine compilation is more like the gardening Reader's Digest of its day, than a completely original publication. But perhaps that's a little unkind; it was ground breaking in its own way.

The written text dominates these 'general garden magazines'. Microfiche(?) or photocopy scans of the writing from the magazines can be seen here (compiled as yearly collections): this is within the Digital Garden Collection (newspapers, periodicals, company catalogues) of the German Horticultural Association, hosted by TU Berlin Universitätsbibliothek.

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